Out of the total geographical area of 72 Sq. Km, total agriculture land is 3111 Hectare whereas the total cultivable land is 2832 Hectare out of the cultivable land net area sown is only 2707.64 Hectare. Due to Industrial zoning of land, the area under cultivation has been gradually diminishing in Daman. There are 4965 operation holdings covering an area of 3110.97 hectares.
About 1000 hectares or about 50% of the net cultivated area are covered by hybrid, high-yielding variety. Among the field crops, paddy accounts for the highest share (78 %) with 2114.90 hectares. The other important field crops are pulses (mainly red “Val”), and vegetables that, together account for the remaining 589.74 hectares. Important horticultural crops are coconuts, fruits like Chikoo,Mangoes,Bananas, etc. The low level of irrigated land is primarily responsible for predominance of mono-cropping.
The most prominent change in the agricultural scenario in the UT over the years is the shift in focus away from agriculture in favor of secondary sub-sectors like industry and tourism. This has resulted in agricultural area diminishing each year and shortage of agricultural lab ours. The Damanganga Irrigation Project, a joint venture of Gujarat and the UTs of Daman and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, will create an irrigation potential of 3071 hectares in the UT District of Daman once fully implemented / commissioned.
At present irrigation is available through minor irrigation schemes from dug wells, bore-wells etc. Three rivers viz. Damanganga, Kolak and Kalai are prone to flash floods during monsoon, but tidal effect of the sea keeps water under control. There is hardly any surface water irrigation either through Canals or Tanks. The total irrigation potential created through minor irrigation scheme 833.73 hectares, while the net irrigated area is 242.44 hectares.
The Damanganga Reservoir, a medium sized irrigation project, which is a joint venture of Gujarat State and the Union Territories of Daman, Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, island to yield an irrigation potential of 3071 hectares in Daman District is commissioning. Due to rapid industrialization, the area under cultivation has been gradually diminishing; the area under crops is only 2832.43 hectares.
ALLIED AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES
The UT District of Daman has a total coastline of 12 Kms that has made marine and brackish water fishery a potential major economic activity. About 3000 families are directly or indirectly engaged in this sector. The UT is famous for producing a variety of economically important fish like Pomfret, Bombay duck, Prawns, and Jew Fish etc. that fetch a good value in national / international markets. The fish catch in Daman is dwindling year by year, fish catch as on 31.03.2008 is only 1300 Tones. There are 5 fishing villages and as many loading Centers in the Daman District. Most of the catch is auctioned and the loading centre among the bulk traders from Mumbai.
About 14 trawlers, 33 traditional crafts, 53 gill neuters, 33 dug out canoes and 53 plank-built boats are operating on Daman Sea coast. There are 25300 fishing gears. The marine fish production during 2007-08 was 1300 tones. The Administration has recently developed 20 ponds / tanks for inland fisheries.
PLANTATION AND HORTICULTURE:
The District of Daman is contiguous to what could be rightly regarded as the Horticulture Hub of Gujarat i.e. the Districts of Valsad and Navsari and, hence, there is a little variation in the agro-climatic features between the two regions. In the UT District, about 345.83 hectares of land is already under plantation crops like mango, sapota and coconut. South Gujarat has been declared an Agri Export Zone (AEZ) for exports of Mango and vegetables. The steady growing tourism and hotel industry in the UT has also generated scope for fresh flowers, greenhouse vegetables, mushroom, etc.
Poultry farming has not developed to any significant extent in the region despite there being substantial potential / demand generated through tourism. This demand is, at present, met from poultry products imported from nearby centers in Gujarat.
INTEGRATED DAIRY DEVELOPMENT SCHEME:
UT Daman has launched IDD scheme under which milch animals comprising ofCrossbreed cows shall be given to the beneficiaries families over a period of two Years.These families also rear one heifer to enable them toÂ have 3 crossbreed Animals at the end of the project.The Valsad District Co-op Milk Producer Union Limited popularly known as Vasudhara DairyÂ will be assisted with the U.T. Administration of Daman and Diu through the co-operative Department And Animal Husbandry Department in implementation of the project. As on Date 7 mahilasanchalit milk societies have been formed in Zari,Jampore,Pariyari,Dholar,Dori,henslore and Dabhel and functioning.successfully.